What Does A Computer Systems Analyst Do?
Organizations with IT systems rely on computer systems analysts. In a nutshell, the job of these professionals centers on looking closely at the computer systems of the company and coming up with ways that will make them run more efficiently. As information technology permeates into businesses these days, computer systems analysts see to it that both fields are integrated cohesively into each other in order to come up with a system that is beneficial for the company’s operations.
There are basically five steps that systems analysts deploy when working on large scale IT projects. These steps involve conducting system investigations, performing system analysis, coming up with a system design, doing programming and testing, rolling out the system through implementation and finally, operating and maintaining the system.
Before the systems analysts can design new computer systems or overhaul an organization’s existing one, they will first have to talk with the firm’s management team to find out why they need an IT system in place. In order to gain a deeper understanding of the role that information technology will play in a company’s operations, they also meet with the company’s employees and end-users. They will then take note of their needs and take this into consideration when designing the company’s IT infrastructure. It’s important for systems analysts to identify and anticipate the impact that their system will have not only for the company as a whole but for its users as well. They need to see to it that any new requirements introduced are fused seamlessly into the processes already followed by the company and the skill sets of its users.
Computer systems analysts design new IT systems from the ground up. They work together with programmers in selecting and configuring the hardware and software that the system needs. They make calculations in order to determine such details as the memory and speed it requires. When ready, they see to it that the system is properly installed and that it meets the needs of the organization. After the system has been put in place, they also test it to ensure that it works as planned. They make the changes necessary in order to perfect the system if testing reveals that tweaks need to be made.
When an organization simply needs an upgrade of its existing systems and not an entirely new system, the role of computer systems analysts involves preparing a cost and benefit analysis of the plan and submitting it to the company’s management team. This report is what will guide the firm’s senior leaders to determine if the IT infrastructure improvements are going to be worth the expense. They also think of ways to make the company’s current systems more functional, effective and efficient.
Computer systems analysts normally work as general analysts who develop entire systems. Some of them choose to specialize in a particular aspect of the task. For example, systems designers take care of selecting the hardware and software systems that will allow the organization to achieve its goals. Software quality assurance analysts, on the other hand, perform extensive testing of computer systems. After running tests, they provide recommendations to management to enhance it. Programming analysts take care of updating the system’s software and coming up with applications that would meet the needs of the company.
After computer systems analysts have set up, tested and corrected the firm’s IT systems, they then take on the role of trainers and writers. They teach the organization’s employees and other end-users on how the system works. They also update the senior leaders of the organization on the system’s features. Another important task that computer systems analysts take on after setting up the system is writing instruction manuals for the company’s IT department and the rest of its users. The technical document details crucial aspects about the IT system and other important features like a guide for troubleshooting minor issues that could be encountered from time to time.
The final phase of IT computer systems involves its continued operation and maintenance. If the computer systems analyst is employed with the organization, they may take care of the entire process all the way to implementation and day-to-day operations or they may simply delegate the routine tasks to the organization’s IT department if they are working as consultants.