What Is Computer Programming?

Computer programming is the process by which a computing problem is solved and becomes a program that can be executed on computer equipment. In simplest terms, programming is the step-by-step method of creating a program that essentially enables the computer to do the task you want it to accomplish and provide the results you want. The programming process is time-consuming and challenging as it involves a variety of steps similar to what you would do if you are in the midst of solving a real-life problem.

The first step involves determining what the problem is. This entails analyzing the problem and outlining its different components to better understand it. In addition to providing an analysis of the problem, the first step in programming also involves identifying the result that is sought after by a particular program. The second step involves planning the solution to the problem. The solution is typically visualized through the drawing of a flowchart that shows the sequence that will be followed to solve the problem. This may also be accompanied with the writing of a pseudocode.

The next step is to code the program. This involves the writing of a source code or the set of instructions that the program needs to follow, using a particular computer programming language. There are different kinds of computer programming languages that can be used to make a computer perform a particular task. C, C++, JavaScript, Java and Python are just a few examples of the programming languages used today. Computer programmers are familiar with these languages although they are often proficient in those that they commonly use at work. The computer programming language chosen will also depend on what the company’s policy is on the language to use and how suitable it is to the problem that the program seeks to find a solution in.

The fourth step in the programming process involves testing the program. After the program has been written, programmers proofread their code in the process known as desk checking, through the use of a translator or by debugging. Testing will ensure that the bugs in the program are checked and corrected before the final version is released. The final step involves documenting the program or writing a detailed description of the program as well as including the pertinent facts about it as well as including any pertinent comments. Since this can be one of the tedious parts of the entire programming process, many programmers prefer to document the program as they code.

Computer programming is actually considered as just a part of the entire process of software development. Computer programmers are the experts who don’t only make the program but also test and debug the system so that they are assured that their program functions the way they want it to. In the end, they want their program to provide correct results every time, be easy enough for end users (who may not know a thing about computers) to understand and be robust enough to continue to function in the face of errors. As far as the program itself is concerned, one hallmark of quality is the ease with which the program can be maintained. When the program’s source code is easy to read and modify, it becomes easier to improve the program in the future and address any bugs or problems that it could exhibit later on.

Career Spotlight: Computer Programmer

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