What Does An Information Security Analyst Do?
The main task of information security analysts is to ensure that a company’s information technology systems are secure. As one of the jobs that have resulted from the growing reliance of companies and organizations in computer networks, information security analysts need to protect against and counter the increasing frequency of cyber attacks lodged against a firm’s networks. They are an integral member of a company’s information security department.
In order to carry out their tasks, they come up with best practices that all members of the company can follow. They set security standards to beef up an organization’s security network and eliminate or at least minimize the number of cyber security breaches. Developing security standards is a very important task of information security analysts since a lot of sensitive information are now stored online.
They know how to install firewalls and encrypt data in order to safeguard the organization’s sensitive data. They promote the use of passwords and other forms of identity authentication to ensure that only those who are authorized to access information are able to do so. They also see to it that measures are in place to protect the computer network from viruses that could compromise company data.
One of the crucial tasks that information security analysts perform to ascertain the security of the network is penetration testing. Here, they act like hackers and attempt to infiltrate the system the way cyber criminals would. They try to determine where its vulnerable spots are and how criminals can exploit these. Based on the results of their penetration testing, information security analysts are able to recommend methods of strengthening the company’s cyber security systems and point out vulnerabilities that need to be addressed.
Information security analysts need to be constantly updated on the newest trends and practices related to cyber security. If they are not, the chances are high that the company’s security systems are going to be breached by sophisticated attacks. This can be accomplished by reading the latest on security technologies, talking with and sharing information with colleagues in the industry and attending cyber security conferences that feature discussions on new kinds of breaches and how these were addressed by those who experienced them.
Each day, information security analysts monitor the health of the company’s security networks. If they suspect a breach, they investigate it immediately and employ measures to stop the infiltration from proceeding further before it can compromise the company’s other data. They are also responsible for enhancing the organization’s security measures after the attack so that it does not happen again. They are also tasked with preparing written reports about the attack which detail how far the attackers were able to infiltrate the system, the kinds of information that were compromised and the extent of the damage of the attack.
Another important job of IT security analysts is developing and testing the company’s disaster recovery plan. The disaster recovery plan is the procedure that directs the tasks that IT personnel should do in the event of an emergency. It also details the measures they should undertake to prepare for emergencies. For example, the plan typically instructs employees in the IT department to regularly make backup files and transfer these in an offsite location. During a disaster, the plan enables IT personnel to continue their tasks so that the organization’s networks and systems remain stable. After the emergency, the plan has instructions on how to bring back systems into full functioning capacity again.
Crafting a disaster recovery plan is not a one-time event. Information security analysts have to test the steps and methods there to ensure that they are still relevant. When the company upgrades its security systems, analysts have to review their plans and make changes if necessary.
Information security has become a very integral part in the life of any organization today. Keeping data secure is so crucial to doing business that information security analysts typically report to the company’s computer and information systems manager or even the chief technology officer. Information security analysts have to be constantly alert, are able to think outside the box and notice details that others usually miss. Being the go-to person on matters of cyber security is an enormous responsibility and the skills and mindset of every IT security analyst must be up to the task.
Career Spotlight: Information Security Analyst
An information security analyst defending a company’s computer network. They need to be up-to-date on the latest trends in information technology. This means researching new technologies to determin[...]